(Former title: nuclear power security to be accustomed to accept the public “cross-examination”)
As public health and environmental protection become more important, there will be a higher demand for nuclear safety, transparency of information disclosure mechanisms and communication mechanisms will become more important.
October 31, Twelfth NPC Standing Committee at the twenty-fourth meeting of the early draft safety law, clearly stipulates that “the disclosure of nuclear safety information according to the law, it should be through the government bulletins, websites and other public awareness of the way, Open to the public “and” citizens, legal persons and other organizations may apply for access to nuclear safety related information to the nuclear safety supervision and administration department under the State Council and the provincial people’s government at the place where the nuclear facility is located.
Such a provision includes the government’s active disclosure of nuclear safety information according to law, and passive acceptance of public nuclear safety information, that is, the public request for disclosure, the Government should be answered in line with the “Government Information Disclosure Ordinance.”
Nuclear safety and environmental protection are closely related to the safety of production and life of citizens. Foreign nuclear power leak tragedy gives people a very intuitive impression of terror, coupled with public knowledge of nuclear power, nuclear radiation little knowledge, deepened everyone’s sense of insecurity, and even talk about the trend of discoloration.
Whether it is Daya Bay in 2010, “nuclear leak” false alarm, or in August this year, ignited Lianyungang nuclear waste facility site storm, have shown that the public is extremely concerned about nuclear safety, highly sensitive. This is not enough disclosure of nuclear safety information, the public on its mysterious Mo has a great relationship.
The review of China’s first nuclear safety law, to make up for the lack of nuclear safety top law, far-reaching. On the one hand, nuclear energy as a clean energy is being vigorously building use, China is currently the world’s largest nuclear power construction in the country. According to the plan, it is estimated that by 2020, China’s nuclear power generating units will rank second in the world.
On the other hand, the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan, the international community to continue to question the safety of nuclear energy development. The lack of relevant special laws is not conducive to the establishment of a good image of China’s nuclear development is not conducive to China’s “nuclear power to go out” strategy.
More importantly, the special legislation on nuclear safety, nuclear facilities, nuclear materials to take necessary and adequate supervision, protection, prevention and mitigation and other security measures to protect practitioners, the public and the environment from the harm of nuclear accidents, is conducive to Eliminate the development of nuclear power to overcome the energy supply bottleneck constraints. The establishment of more transparent information disclosure mechanism and communication mechanism, as government regulators and nuclear power enterprises must face an important issue.
Nuclear power security professional, the public can not fully understand, do not understand is the root cause of fear, fear has a strong contagion effect. In the past, some local governments in the nuclear power safety information disclosure is too conservative, close the door to engage in planning, assault on the project, the safety of nuclear power facilities like breasts, lack of sincere explanation, a security incident eager to conceal, causing public safety of nuclear power ” Pondering fear, “the preparedness of the nuclear project formation,” one that (built) that is against the “psychological.
Nuclear power security is a world issue, the world’s atomic energy development, have learned a painful lesson, the nuclear safety information, open and transparent, as an important prerequisite for the development of nuclear power. For example, in 2006, the French Parliament introduced the Nuclear Transparency and Security Act, which mandated transparent disclosure of nuclear information by the relevant authorities. Everyone has the right to request information from nuclear power plant operators on nuclear safety and nuclear radiation. absorb.
As public health and environmental protection become more important, there will be a higher demand for nuclear safety, transparency of information disclosure mechanisms and communication mechanisms will become more important. Without these mechanisms, the public lack of participation in the premise, “major nuclear safety issues should seek the views of stakeholders” out of the question, interests can not be coordinated, reached a consensus.
Although the Draft Nuclear Safety Law under review has stipulated the way and procedure of disclosure of nuclear safety information, according to the past practice of government information disclosure, the government still has some problems in active information disclosure, and passive information disclosure is few. This requires the public to apply to the government for the disclosure of nuclear safety information, the Government should be accustomed to accept the public “cross-examination”, no obstacles, frank, to be in the nuclear power security “no information can be concealed” Any question, with a view to gain the people’s trust and support.
Original link: http://tech.163.com/16/1102/03/C4RAE4J300097U7R.html